On August 25. A.P. Hill's assault at three raw and.ill^prepared New Yvrk regiments under Gibbon. Many of I he Federals surrendered without resistance and Ihr Union lost 2, 750 men, nine guns. 12 bat flags and omr..3_, 000 rifles. Hill's casualties numbered 720 (see map below).

Reams Station

Reams Station

August. 25


1 Ritfuru

Jo Stage Rd


" living is now very poor, nothing but corn-bread and poor beef - blue and tough - no vegetables, no coffee, sugar, tea or even molasses ... You would laugh, or cry, when you see me eating my supper... It is hard to maintain one's patriotism on ashcake and water."

A Confederate captain in Petersburg.

On July 30, Burnside's IX Corps stormed the breach created by the four-ton mine (above). Burnside had intended that the assault be carried out by one of his African American divisions, but at the last moment Grant countermanded the order and relatively unprepared troops were used.

The wisdom of extending the Union flanks was proved at Poplar Springs Church on September 30. Although G.K Warren *s force suffered from fierce Confederate counterattacks, the pressure was beginning to tell, as it became, necessary to rush Confederate troops from one. threatened sector to another (see map below).

In accordance luith the plan ofht. Col. Henry Pleasants, four tons of explosives were detonated under the Confederate Salient on fuly 30. The crater was 30—foot-deep, and 70-foot—wide. The confusion resulting from the ..explosion, coupled with poor leadership, resulted in many of the Federal attatkers rushing into the crater rather than around it and many were slaughtered by the Confederates who had been allowed lime to reorganize and man the defenses. Grant called the operation "the most stupendous failure, " and in large part blamed Gen. Burnside and the division commander, Gen. fames Ledlie (see map above).

General Grant and his staff, photographed by Mathew Brady in June, 1864 (left).

Hmktt's fam

I xft/tw Gi



october 1864

On September 28, Grant dispatched X and XVIII Corps north of the Jaimm River to carry out a two-pronged attack on Forts , Harrison and Gilmer. (j works that formed part .of , -Richmond's outer fortifications and cohered Lee's.. Chaffin's Bluff] defenses-. Bighthig iptta heaviest ground Neiv Market Heights (iee map -left) - which tbe..__ Confederates were forc'ed to abandon - and Fori Harrison. As two corps of infantry, under ,Ord and . ^ , , Birney, together inii: Kautz's cavalr%.

approached the%ort., the

Confederates moved Guy and Dubose to reinforce the lines (see map beloivjeft).

LoXs Ovrrseiv

(j^) July 27: Crani scndsjl Cofipj acwss"' ^ ^ v James River tolituick Ifirt%h" the: X /?u,& Corps bridgehead at tepBottck s

August 13: IT ;u i d X .Qjirps'iiLgai n sent across James at j)eejffeo|toni Uj^tack V' 'j Lee's criticaUfefettStti at Eliaffin XSljitf

August 20: II Corps^hdrip after several days of mderisiye-attads and seat" south xoPetersbufg o h

Sept 28: X and'XVIK ¿orps mi bv Grant north of the Jamesto. attack ouieiUme of Richmond's defeiiw-

^ Sept 29: Federate ariM Fen liint^nq and'Fort Giime^twciwrks iJitW . Chaffin's Bluff dcfcii^t^ls.U^' Fort Harrison'

Sept SO: Confederates attempt to retake ^^ Fort Harrison, butiafl'

^"N Oct ?: Confederates attack Federal forces along Darbytown and New Marketroads. After initial success, attack fails

General Grant and his staff, photographed by Mathew Brady in June, 1864 (left).

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