After crossing the Etowah, Johnston took up another impregnable position at Allatoona. Sherman responded by swinging his army around to the west and south of the town, a move he expected would cause Johnston to fall back to the Chattahoochee River. Instead, Johnston blocked Serman's thrust at New Hope church on May 25, and at Pickett's Mill on May 27, but then himself suffered a reverse in a bungled assault at Dallas on May 28. Unable to advance, and suffering supply problems due to his separation from the railroad, Sherman withdrew to Acworth and the railroad early in June.
On June 10, having resupplied and reinforced his army, Sherman again advanced toward the Chattahoochee. Johnston slowly retreated until he reached Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta, an immensely strong position, where he again held Sherman In check. Frustrated, and fearing a stalemate in Georgia that would enable Johnston to reinforce Lee in Virginia, Sherman attempted to break through the Confederate center with a frontal assault on June 27, only to suffer a bloody repulse.
Meanwhile, Schofield's Army of the Ohio - which, in essence, consisted of XXII Corps
Attacking in difficult, heavily wooded terrain, Howard's corps was repulsed at Pickett's Mill with heavy casualties (see map below).
At New Hope Church Sherman's formation advanced against Johnston's army. Several assaults by Hooker's Corps were repelled with heavy losses. Later, aiming to sabotage a Union movement to the left, Johnston ordered a reconnaissance in force against McPherson, near Dallas. Vicious fighting ensued, resulting in a Confederate withdrawal (see map below right).
May 27. 1864
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