October S, 1862
(^P) Oct 8,1862, dawn: Buell's left wing, probing toward Doctor's Creek in search of water, meets and engages Confederates. Sheridan's division drives them past Turbin House and digs in
^2)®rlSS arrives, orders Polk to attack Buell'sleftflankwithCheatham'sand Buckner's Confederate divisions
'2' , 2 pm: Confederates slam into McCook's Federal corps; McCook's front collapses. Across Doctor's Creek, Sheridan - under orders not to engage - watches disaster befall McCook
Crittenden is unaware of the batde; bluffed by
Wheeler's cavalry, bis corps is not engaged
4.15pm: Advancing along Springfield Pike, Powell's brigade attacks Sheridan, but is repulsed. Sheridan pushes toward Perryville. Buell finally learns that a major batde is in
\ Late pm: Federals attack Confederate flank and chase Powell's men into Perryville. Finding themselves isolated, Federals withdraw battle of the war in Kentucky.
From his headquarters, hearing only sporadic cannon fire, Buell did not realise until late afternoon that a major battle was in progress, and only nine out of his twenty-four brigades managed to engage. The Confederates fought stubbornly, pushing the Union left back a mile before darkness ended the fighting. Bragg, however, deciding that he was too heavily outnumbered to continue, retreated during the night and joined Smith near Harrodsburg. The Confederates now abandoned the campaign, withdrawing through the Cumberland Gap into Tennessee. Buell failed to pursue, and was relieved of his command. Kentucky, however, remained securely in Union hands for the rest of the war.
the battlefield. Outnumbered, Bragg retreats to Harrodsburg
While national attention focused on Gen-eral Bragg's Kentucky invasion, 14,000 Confederates under General Sterling Price occupied Iuka on September 14. Price planned to move to the Tennessee River and prevent General Grant from sending reinforcements to General Buell, whose Federal army was pursuing Bragg into Kentucky. In response, Grant set a trap to destroy Price, ordering General Rosecrans with 10,000 troops to advance on Iuka from the south and attack Price. Meanwhile, Grant himself advanced from Corinth with 8,000 men to block Price's movement north.
On September 19, Rosecrans's vanguard surprised Price southwest of Iuka. Price struck back with Brigadier General Lewis Henry Little's division, and the tough Confederate veterans badly mauled Rosecrans before night halted the battle.
Realizing that he was caught between two Federal columns, Price retreated south during the night. The following morning, Rosecrans occupied Iuka and ordered a pursuit. Rough terrain, poor roads, and a stubborn Confederate rearguard ended the pointless chase by late afternoon. Price slipped away safely to Baldwyn.
In late September, using his seniority to control Price's movements, General Van Dorn - in command of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana - ordered Price to join him at Ripley for an advance on the Corinth rail junction, key to Federal defenses in northern Mississippi. Van Dorn gambled that victory at Corinth would force Grant to evacuate west Tennessee.
On October 3, Van Dorn and Price hurled 22,000 men against Corinth's outer defenses, held by Rosecrans's 23,000 troops. During the long, hot day, the tenacious Confederates forced Rosecrans to fall back two miles. Night halted the fighting, with Rosecrans holding the city's inner line of defensive redoubts.
The next morning, Van Dorn threw a massive frontal assault against the Union fortifications, penetrating them at several points. But artillery and rifle fire from the redoubts cut the exposed Confederate brigades to pieces. Repulsed, and having sustained devastating losses, Van Dorn retreated west towards the Hatchie River, slowly pursued by Rosecrans.
On October 7, 7,000 Union troops, sent by Grant from Bolivar, Tennessee to intercept Van Dorn, caught the Confederates at Davis' Bridge. Forcing Van Dorn's vanguard back across the river, the Federals seized the
The Approach to Iuka
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