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Confederate prisoners of war await transferral to Northern jails (below). When he began his retreat to Virginia on the night of July 4, Lee's combat strength had been reduced by nearly one third.

The defenders of Cemetery Ridge included a brigade commanded by Brig. Gen. Alexander Webb (above). Webb's leadership in rallying his men during the Confederate assault won him the Medal of Honor.

"X t seems likely we shall be led in a

_L plodding, ordinary sort of way, neither giving nor receiving any serious blows, a great pity."

One of Meade's lieutenants expressing the disappointment which many felt at his failure to immediately follow up the Gettysburg victory.

main attack to the Federal center on Cemetery Ridge. Longstreet was placed in command of the effort. The plan was first to subject the Federal position to bombardment by nearly 140 cannon, then to send Pickett, Pettigrew and half of Trimble's divisions (formerly Heth's and Pender's) - nearly 12,000 men - forward to smash the Federal center.

While Longstreet made his preparations during the morning, Ewell's forces were defeated in their counterattacks on Culp's Hill, and withdrew around 11 a.m.

At 1pm, Longstreet opened the great bombardment of the Federal line. The Federal army replied with approximately 80 cannon and a giant duel ensued which lasted for nearly two hours. After the bombardment subsided, the infantry went forward. Federal artillery, followed by musketry, cut their formations to pieces and inflicted devastating losses. A small Confederate force effected one small penetration of the Federal line, but was overwhelmed. The attack ended in disaster, with nearly 5,600 Confederate casualties. Meanwhile, three miles east of Gettysburg, Stuart's cavalry was engaged by Federal cavalry under Brigadier General David Gregg. The cavalry clash was indecisive, but Stuart was neutralized and posed no threat to the Federal rear.

The battle was effectively over. Federal losses numbered approximately 23,000, while estimates of Confederate losses range between 20,000 and 28,000.

Confederate prisoners of war await transferral to Northern jails (below). When he began his retreat to Virginia on the night of July 4, Lee's combat strength had been reduced by nearly one third.

The defenders of Cemetery Ridge included a brigade commanded by Brig. Gen. Alexander Webb (above). Webb's leadership in rallying his men during the Confederate assault won him the Medal of Honor.

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