The 12-pounder howitzer fired a shell to a range of between 195 and 1,072 yards, ft fired canister for close-range, anti-personnel work. By November 1862, no more of these howitzers were manufactured in the South with many existing models being melted to recast 12-pounder Napoleons.
manpower from Chambersburg to Cashtown, a battery gunner remarked that "everything last night wore the appearance of battle."
Garnett's Battalion of Artillery
Donatdsonville Artillery (Louisiana)
Captain Victor Maurin (114 troops present for duty equipped) 2 3-inch rifled guns 1 10-pounder Parrott rifled gun
Huger Battery (Virginia)
Captain Joseph D. /Woore (77 troops present for duty equipped)
1 3-inch rifled guns
1 10-pounder Parrott rifled gun
Lewis Artillery (Virginia)
Captain John W. Lewis (90 troops present for duty equipped)
2 3-inch rifled guns
2 12-pounder Napoleon guns
Norfolk Light Artillery Blues (Virginia)
Captain Charles R. Grandy (106 troops present for duty equipped) 2 3-inch rifled gun 2 12-pounder howitzers
Ill CSA Army Corps - Pender's Division
In the army-wide reorganisation after Chancell-orsville, the obvious candidate for restructuring was A.P. Hill's six-brigade Light Division. Upon his promotion to corps command, Hill pondered who should be promoted to command his former division. Hill re-commended General William Pender, who previously had led a brigade within the division. Pender's Brigade had been the most efficient unit in the excellent division. Hill wanted to preserve its "pride
Major-General William Dorsey Pender, a 29-year-old from North Carolina, was a West Point graduate and career soldier. The former dragoon and artilleryman displayed great battlefield courage which won him rapid promotion in the Confederate army.
In its name...its 'shoulder to shoulder feeling' and good feelings between brigades." Lee concurred.
Pender's Division comprised the four best brigades from A.P. Hill's old Light Division. They had been united as a team through a spectacularly successful year of victory. The Division opened Lee's Seven Days' offensive when it attacked at Mechanicsville on
Major-General William Dorsey Pender 11 Staff and Field Officers
Perrin's Brigade 1,882 Lane's Brigade 1,734 Thomas' Brigade 1,326 Scales' Brigade 1,351 Poague's Artillery Battalion 377
June 26, 1862. It pressed the attack the next day at Gaines' Mill and again three days later at Frayser's Farm. At Cedar Mountain on August 9, its fast march and rapid deployment on the field saved Stonewall Jackson from defeat. The Division defended Jackson's left at Second Manassas and fought at Chantilly on September 1. After participating in the capture of Harper's Ferry, it performed an epic route march to Sharpsburg where it arrived in late afternoon in time to drive back the Federal left flank and save Lee's army. At Chancellorsville it participated in Jackson's tremendous flank assault and the next day assaulted the Union perimeter at Falrview.
During the invasion of Pennsylvania, Pender's Division proudly wore the mantle of Hill's old Light Division and rightfully considered itself as the Corps' shock troops. At age 29, their commander was the youngest major-general in the army and a rising star.
The Division camped at Cashtown on the night of June 30.
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