Uvf

Name not available

6th Alabama infantry Regiment

Co/one/ James Newell Lightfootl Major Isaac Franklin Culver! Captain Milledge L. Bowie 382 troops present for duty equipped

Co, A Henry Grays

Co. B Name not available

Co. C Name not available

Co. D Raccoon Roughs

Co. E Name not available

Co. F Russell Volunteers

Co. G Name not available

Co. H Name not available

Co. 1 Name not available

Co. K Columbia Blues

Co. L Autauga Rifles

Co. M Name not available

O'Neal's bravery at Gaines' Mill while acting brigade commander, John Gordon, commended his "gallant conduct" at Malvern Hill. The Brigade had forged a valiant reputation at high cost.

After avoiding the fighting at Second Manassas, Rodes' Brigade participated in the invasion of Maryland in September 1862. At the Battle of South Mountain, it lost 422 men including a serious thigh wound to Colonel O'Neal and a wound to Lieutenant-Colonel James Lightfoot, the officer who was to command the 6th Alabama at Gettysburg. At Sharpsburg it suffered another 203 casualties.

While O'Neal convalesced back home In Alabama, the Brigade saw only light action at Fredericksburg, Then, in January 1863, it experienced a command change. At that time divisional commander D.H. Hill transferred to North Carolina. Major-General Robert Rodes replaced Hill. Into the resultant vacancy for brigade command stepped the senior colonel, O'Neal. This displeased Rodes. However, unless there were

12th Alabama Infantry Regiment

Co/one/ Samuel Bonneau Pic kins 317 troops present for duty equipped

Co. A Guard Lafayette

Co. B Coosa Independents

Co. C Independent Rifles

Co. D Coffee Rangers

Co. E Name not available

Co. F Macon Confederates

Co. G Paint Rock River Sharpshooters

Co. H Magnolia Rifles

Co. I Southern Foresters

Co. K Tom Watts' Rebels compelling reasons, Robert E. Lee adhered to the dictates of seniority and state association.

The Brigade followed Colonel O'Neal into combat during the Chancellorsville Campaign. After participating in "Stonewall" Jackson's famous flank march on May 2, the Brigade deployed. The dense underbrush made deployment time consuming As part of the Division's advance, the Alabama Brigade began to move forward. O'Neal had forgotten to order his skirmishers to advance ahead of his brigade. When the Brigade overtook the skirmish line, it halted, throwing the entire advance into a snarl. Rodes personally intervened to get the advance rolling again. Although the attack proved successful in crushing the Federal fank, O'Neal's command muddle had not escaped notice.

During the Chancellorsville Campaign, the Brigade lost 90 killed, 538 wounded, and 188 missing Among the wounded was O'Neal, who was hit for the third time. No one questioned O'Neal's bravery. However his competence for brigade command was suspect. In his after-action report, Rodes complained about the "orders not having been promptly given" to the Brigade's skirmishers.

In the post-Chancellorsville reorganisation, Lee intended that O'Neal become the permanent leader of the Alabama Brigade and recommended him for promotion to brigadier-general. Although former brigade and now divisional commander Rodes was personally cordial with O'Neal, he had recommended a different officer. The authorities in Richmond approved Lee's recommendation and issued his commission on June 6. Curiously, the army commander did not follow through. Instead, he kept the commission a secret for the time being.

Clearly, he was having doubts about O'Neal's capacity for command. His performance at Gettysburg would determine if he deserved brigade command.

26th Alabama Infantry Regiment

Lieutenant- Colonel John Chapman Goodgame 319 troops present for duty equipped

Co. A Name not available

Co. B Name not available

Co. C Name not available

Co. D Name not available

Co. E Name not available

Co. F Name not available

Co. G Name not available

Co. 1 Name not available

Co, K Name not available

Rodes' Division - Carter's Artillery Battalion

Divisional Artillery

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Henry Carter 9 Staff and Field Officers

Carter's Battalion of Artillery

Jefferson Davis Artillery (Alabama)

Captain William J. Reese (79 troops present for duty equipped) 4 3-inch rifled guns

King William Artillery (Virginia)

Captain William Pleasants Page Carter (103 troops present for duty equipped) 2 10-pounder Parrott rifled guns 2 12-pounder Napoleon guns

Morris Artillery (Virginia)

Captain Richard Channing Moore Page!

Lieutenant Samuel H. Pendleton (114 troops present for duty equipped) 4 12-pounder Napoleon guns

Orange Artillery (Virginia)

Captain Charles William Fry (80 troops present for duty equipped) 2 3-inch rifled guns 2 10-pounder Parrott rifled guns

Carter's Battalion came into formal existence after Brigadier-General Pendleton submitted his plan to reorganise the army's artillery on February 11, 1863. Pendleton wrote, "that in each corps the artillery be arranged into battalions, to consist for the most part of four batteries each, a particular battalion ordinarily to attend to a certain division." Pendleton recommended Carter for leadership because of his "distinguished services, and eminent merit."

The Battalion, with eighteen guns, actively supported Rodes' Division during the fighting at Chancellorsville, On May 2, it trailed the infantry during Jackson's flank march and occupied a position around Wilderness Tavern when Rodes' infantry attacks began. When the Battalion tried to advance, Federal artillery fire struck it while it was in road column and caused the horses to become unmanageable. The Battalion had to retire to refit. On May 3, it bombarded the Federal position at

The 1072-pounder Parrott gun, in ideal conditions, using 1-pound of powder could fire a 101/2-pound case shot round out to 930 yards.

Fairview and then rapidiy displaced forward to occupy the commanding heights. When the Union troops tried to make a stand near the Chancellor House, the Battalion delivered telling enfilade fire. The endemic problem for Confederate gunners, the unreliability of the fuses for the shells, impaired the artillery's effectiveness. A large percentage of shells failed to burst while others exploded prematurely. This made ranging near guesswork. Veteran artillery officers recalled that they could fire twelve rounds but because of the erratic shell bursts they would still not know the correct range. Nonetheless, the Battalion contributed valuable fire support at Chancellorsville. It suffered nine killed and 37 wounded during the campaign.

The Battalion was a thoroughly experienced organisation. The Jeff Davis Artillery and Orange Light Artillery had formed in May 1861; the King William Artillery in June; and the Morris Artillery two months later in August 1861.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment