helped crush the Federal XI Corps. On May 3, the Brigade continued its advance with Ramseur at its head literally striding over the bodies of prostrate, disheartened soldiers. Charging into intense fire, the Brigade overran a defended breastwork. Isolated and exposed, it fought until nearly out of ammunition.

Eventually the Stonewall Brigade rallied to come to its support. The Brigade suffered the heaviest losses of any Confederate brigade in the battle; 151 killed, 529 wounded, and 108 missing.

The skill with which Ramseur handled them impressed superiors and the Brigade alike. Four veteran regiments led by a tactically adroit commander promised a fine future.

14th Regiment North Carolina Troops

Colonel Risden Tyler Bennett 306 troops present for duty equipped

Co. A Roanoke Minute Men

Co. B Name not available

Co. C Anson Guard

Co. D Cleveland Blues

Co. E Oak City Guards

Co. F Rough-and-Ready Guard

Co. G Name not available

Co. H Stanly Marksmen

Co. I Davidson Wild Cats

Co. K Name not available

4th North Carolina State Troops

Colonel Bryan Grimes 196 troops present for duty equipped

Co. A Name not available

Co. B Name not available

Co. C Name not available

Co. D Goldsboro Volunteers

Co. E Southern Guards

Co. F Wilson Light Infantry

Co. G Davie Sweep Stakes

Co. H Name not available

Co. I Pamlico Rifles

Co. K Name not available

30th Regiment North Carolina Troops

Colonel Francis Marion Parkerl Mayor William Walter Sillers 278 troops present for duty equipped

Co. A Sampson Rangers

Co. B Nat Macon Guards

Co. C Brunswick Double Quicks

Co, D Name not available

Co. E Duplin Turpentine Boys

Co. F Sparta Band

Co. G Granville Rangers

Co. H Name not available

Co. I Name nof available

Co. K Name nof available

Rodes' Division - Rodes' (O'Neal's) Brigade

The five veteran Alabama regiments composing Colonel Edward O'Neal's Brigade had been organised together early in the war. The 3rd, 5th and 6th Regiments formed in Alabama's capital in late spring and summer of 1861. The 12th mustered in Richmond in July 1861, while the 26th Regiment formed in Richmond in March 1862, through the expansion of the 3rd Battalion.

The battle history of these fine Alabama units is virtually the history of the Confederate army in Virginia. The 5th and 6th Regiments, the latter under the command of then Colonel Robert Rodes, were present at First Manassas but were not engaged. When Rodes ascended to brigade command, Colonel John B. Gordon, the officer who would command a brigade himself at Gettysburg, succeeded him. The 12th Regiment joined the brigade in time for the Peninsula Campaign in the spring of 1862. As part of Major-General Daniel Hill's


Colonel Edward Asbury O'Neal 3 Staff and Field Officers

Division, Rodes' Brigade saw limited action at the Battle of Williamsburg. Here the 26th Regiment, which was also in Hill's Division, served in Brigadier-General Gabriel Rains' Brigade. Colonel O'Neal commanded this regiment.

O'Neal was a native of northern Alabama, He was a lawyer who made an unsuccessful bid for a congressional seat in 1848. Thereafter, he became one of the state's leading secessionist politicians. When Alabama left the Union, O'Neal joined the "Calhoun Guards" as a captain. Although he had no military experience, he had become colonel by the time the 26th fought in the Peninsula Campaign.

^^ 12 Ala ^^ 26 Ala
Eddie Asbury

Colonel Edward Asbury O'Neal was an Alabama lawyer and politician with no previous military experience. Although the 45-year-old was brave, a series of command blunders cost him promotion to general.

All four regiments participated in the bloody fighting at Seven Pines. Among the 1,099 casualties suffered in Rodes' Brigade was the colonel of the 12th who died in combat. The 6th Regiment suffered 59% losses at this battle. Rains' Brigade also experienced heavy combat.

Colonel O'Neal distinguished himself during the Brigade's charge by exhibiting reckless disregard for his own safety. He received a wound from a shell fragment but recovered in time for the Seven Days' Battles.

The five regiments that were to serve at Gettysburg organised into Rodes1 Brigade before the Seven Days'

Colonel Cullen Andrews Battle (here as Brigadier-General) commanded the 3rd Alabama Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg.

3rd Alabama Infantry Regiment

Co/one/ Cullen Andrews Battle 350 troops present for duty equipped


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