Armored train General Shkuro, named for General Andrei Grigorevich Shkuro of the elite "White Wolves" Kuban Cossacks. According to Major Williamson, artillery inspector attached to the British Military Mission, Shkuro's command train had a pack of wolves pursuing prey painted on the side. The insignia on the center of this wagon appears to have a wolf's head facing right and surmounting two crossed flags, colors unknown. The Reds captured this train in November 1919, during the massed cavalry battles near Kastornaia and Voronezh. (Kolomiets)

Armored Train Russian Civil War

The authors believe this is the first book on the Russian Civil War that brings together the triad of armored components: armored cars, tanks and armored trains. Historians inside Russia have produced at least four serious works on Russian Civil War armor during the last five years. Two of these books dealt with armored cars, one covered tanks, and one delved into armored trains. Despite this recent activity, color renderings of White Army armored trains are not believed to have existed before the publication of this Osprey volume.

Material about the armored units of the Red Army is more readily available, of course, than

Red Army Rail Road Unit 1939

Light armored train General Alekseev, southern front, 1919. Named after General Mikhail Vasilevich Alekseev, former chief-of-staff, Imperial Russian Army, and former chief-of-staff, Volunteer Army. Originally captured from the Reds during the second Kuban campaign, summer 1918, the train received its name after the death of Alekseev in November 1918. Initially armed with a 3-in. gun and one machine-gun wagon, the General Alekseev had been upgraded to two guns by January 1919. The train supported General Baron Wrangel's Caucasian Army as part of the 1st Armored Train Battery in the attack on and defense of Tsaritsyn. While attached to the 4th Armored Train Battery, the General Alekseev saw distinguished service in the Crimea and northern Tauride until the Reds finally put the train out of action near Sokologornaia in late October 1920. The tri-color roundel to the right appears in white-blue-red from outer circle to inner. Note chevron at left. (Kolomiets)

material about their enemies, the Whites. Defeated, the Whites had to destroy or abandon their armored units. Captured White tanks, armored trains and armored cars were either adapted for use in the Red Army, cannibalized for parts, or were simply sent to scrap heaps to perish in the graveyard of history.

Therefore, the research behind this Osprey volume lias involved many people from many countries, both alive and deceased, from White combatants and emigres, to Red veterans and historians, to Allied participants. Our research has involved a synthesis of old and new works Mong with photographic evidence going backmore than 80 years.

The following bibliography can only suggest a few' of the works we have used.

Works in Russian

Baryatinsky, M., Kolomiets, M., Armored Cars of the Russian Army, ¡906-1917 (Moscow. 2000).

Baryatinsky, M., Kolomiets, M., Austin Armored Car (Moscow, 1997).

Deryabin, A.I., Civil War in Russia: National Armies (Moscow. 1998).

Deryabin, A.I., Civil War in Russia: Armies of the Interventionists (Moscow, 1998).

Drogovaz, I.C. Fortress on Wheels: the History of Armored Trains (Minsk. 2002).

Encyclopedia of the Civil War and Military Intervention in the USSR (Moscow. 1983).

Kolomiets, M., Moshchansky, K., and Romadin, S., Tanks of the Civil War (Moscow. 1999).

Ravkhtsaum, A.L., Use of 'Tanks in Wrangel's Army, Domestic Archives, No. 6 (Moscow, 1992).

While Guard Almanac, No. 3 (Moscow, 1999-2000).

White Guard Almanac, No. 5 (Moscow, 2001).

Wolves, S.V., White Movement in Russia: Organizational Structure (Moscow, 2000).

Works in English and French

Bryan, "With the Tanks in North Russia," Tank Corps Journal, Vol. 1 (Bournemouth, 1919-20).

Fletcher, 1).. The British Tanks, 1915-1919 {Ramsbury, 2001).

Fuller,J.F.C. (believed to be author), "A Visit to the South Russian Tank Corps, July to October 1919." Tank Corps Journal. Vol. 1 (Bournemouth, 1919-20).

I lope-Carson, E., "British Tanks in Northwest Russia," lank C.orps Journal, Vols. 8-9 (Bournemouth, 1926-28).

Kudlicka, B„ "Orlik: Armored Train of the Czechoslovak Legion in Russia," Tankograd Gazette (unknown).

Malmassari, P.. Armored Trains, 1826-1989 (Editions Heimdahl, 1989).

Williamson, II.. Farewell to the Don (New York, 1971).

Wreclen, N.. The Unmaking of a Russian (New York, 1935).

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