Azores

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The Azores served as a navigation marker and rest stop for transatlantic voyages, serving both British blockade-runners and Yankee whalers. The CSS Alabama raided the waters in 1862, snaring several Yankee whalers and traders. The CSS Shenandoah destroyed one vessel near the Azores in 1864.

Alert. Union. Bark, 398 tons. Cargo of 80 boxes of tobacco, clothes, and other goods to trade for sea elephant oil. En route from New London, Conn., for the Navigators' Islands in the South Indian Ocean. Was captured on September 9, 1862, by the CSS Alabama at latitude 39° 37' north, longitude 31° 5' west. Some cargo was removed, and the vessel was set afire at 4:00 p.m. Richard Henry Dana Jr., the author of the classic sea adventure Two Years before the Mast (1840), served aboard the Alert in 1836 on the voyage from San Diego to Boston. (ORN, 1:789; Semmes, Service Afloat, 435; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 19-20, 199; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 168.)

Alina. Union. Bark, 574 tons. Cargo of railroad iron. Out of Searsport, Maine. On its maiden voyage. En route to Buenos Aires, Argentina. Was captured and scuttled by the CSS Shenandoah due south of the Azores and west of Dakar, Africa, on October 30, 1864. (ORN, 3:760, 785, 800: Hearn, Gray Raiders, 263-64.)

Altamaha. Union. Whaling brig, 119 burden tons. From New Bedford, Mass. Had a little whale oil aboard. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on September 13, 1862, at latitude 40° 34' north, longitude 35° 24' 15" west (another source—35° 9' west) near the Azores. (ORN, 1:780, 789; Semmes, Service Afloat, 438; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 168; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 22-24, 199.)

Benjamin Tucker. Union. Whaling ship, 349 tons. Crew of thirty. Cargo of 340 barrels of whale oil. From New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on September 14, 1862, near the Azores. The crew was put aboard boats to row to shore. (ORN, 1:790; Semmes, Service Afloat, 440; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 168-69; Summer-sell, Boarding Officer, 22, 24, 199.)

Courser. Union. Whaling schooner, 121 tons. Out of Prov-idencetown, Mass. Was captured on September 16, 1862, by the CSS Alabama. Used for target practice and burned four to five miles from Flores, Azores. (ORN, 1:790; Semmes, Service Afloat, 441; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 169.)

Elisha Dunbar. Union. Whaling ship, 257 tons. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama near the Azores on September 18, 1862, at latitude 39° 50' north, longitude 35° 25' 45" west. (ORN, 1:790-91; Semmes, Service Afloat, 444; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 170.)

Ocean Rover. Union. Whaling bark, 313 tons. Crew of 36. Cargo of 1,100 barrels of whale oil. From New Bedford, Mass. Was captured by the CSS Alabama off Flores, Azores, on September 8, 1862, and burned on September 9, 1862, along with the Alert and Ocean Rover. The vessel's crew rowed to the Azores in six whale boats. (ORN, 1:788-89; Semmes, Service Afloat, 431-33, 435; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 167-68.)

Ocmulgee. Union. Whaling brig, 454 tons. Crew of 37. Cargo of whale oil and a partially suspended sperm whale on the cutting tackles. Out of Edgartown, Mass. Was captured on September 5, 1862, and was burned the morning of September 6, 1862, by the CSS Alabama off the Azores. Some beef, pork, and small stores were removed to the CSS Alabama. Its crew used its whale boats to reach the Azores. (ORN, 1:787-88; Semmes, Service Afloat, 423-25; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 165-67.)

Run Her. British. Steamer blockade-runner, 829 gross tons. Length 230 feet, beam 27 feet, depth 14 feet 7 inches. Built in 1865 at London. Lost at Terceira Island on the trip out in 1865. (LLC, 319.)

Starlight. Union. Schooner. Out of Boston. En route from Fayal to Boston. Carried a crew of seven and some passengers, including several women. Was captured by the CSS Alabama near the Azores on September 5, 1862. The passengers and crew were landed at Santa Cruz on September 6, 1862. The Alert, Starlight, and Ocean Rover were burned with the vessel on September 9, 1862. (ORN, 1:788-89; Semmes, Service Afloat, 429-30; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 167-68.)

Virginia. Union. Whaling ship, 346 tons. From New Bedford, Mass. En route to the Pacific Ocean. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on September 17, 1862, near latitude 40° 3' north, longitude 32° 46' 45" west. (ORN, 1:790; Semmes, Service Afloat, 442; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 169.)

Weather Gauge. Union. Whaling ship. Out of Providence-town, Mass. Was captured on September 9, 1862, by the CSS Alabama. The crew was landed in their boats on September 11, 1862, and the vessel was burned. (ORN, 1:788-89; Semmes, Service Afloat, 436; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 168.)

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