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The rich whaling waters between Russian Siberia and Russian Alaska were a haven for Yankee whalers during the American Civil War. The safety of this fleet ended when the CSS Shenandoah arrived in the Bering Sea with charts taken from a Yankee whaler in the Pacific Ocean. In the spring and summer of 1865 the CSS Shenandoah destroyed twenty whaling vessels of the fifty-eight Yankee whalers in the Bering Sea. Most of these whalers were destroyed after Gen. Robert E. Lee had surrendered at Appomattox Court House along with the rest of the Confederate military high command. As the U.S. Civil War ended, a large part of the once mighty New England whaling business suddenly ceased to exist.

Brunswick. Union. Whaler. Carried whale oil. Stove in by an ice flow 20 inches below the starboard bow water line. While being assisted by a whaling fleet of 10 whalers on June 28, 1865, the CSS Shenandoah captured and burned the Brunswick and most of the Yankee whaling fleet near the Bering Straits Narrows. (ORN, 3:791-2, 828-29; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 289-90.)

Catharine. Union. Whaling bark, 389 tons. Cargo of whale oil. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah on June 26, 1865, in the Bering Sea. (ORN, 3:790, 792, 828.)

Congress. Union. Whaling bark. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured by the CSS Shenandoah with ten other vessels. Was destroyed on June 28, 1865, near the Bering Strait. Master Daniel Wood on the vessel had lost two other vessels over the previous four years. (ORN, 3:791-92, 829; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 291.)

Covington. Union. Whaling bark, 350 tons. Built in Baltimore. Out of Warren, R.I. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah along with 10 other whalers on June 28, 1865, in East Cape Bay near the Bering Strait Narrows. (ORN, 3:791-92, 829.)

Euphrates. Union. Whaling ship, 364 tons. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned on June 22, 1865, by the CSS Shenandoah in the Bering Sea near latitude 62° 23' north, longitude 179° 46' east. The vessel's navigation instruments were removed. (ORN, 3:790, 792, 825.)

Favorite. Union. Whaling ship. Out of New Haven, Conn. One of the whalers captured and burned by the CSS Shen-andoah on June 28, 1865, in East Cape Bay in the Bering Strait. (ORN, 3:791-92, 828-29.)

General Williams. Union. Ship, 419 tons. Out of New London, Mass. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah near St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Strait on June 25, 1865. (ORN, 3:790, 792, 827.)

Gipsey. Union. Whaling ship. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah on June 26, 1865, in the Bering Strait. (ORN, 3:791-92, 828.)

Hillman. Union. Whaling ship. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah on June 28, 1865, in East Cape Bay in the Bering Strait. (ORN,

Isaac Howland. Union. Whaling ship, 399 tons. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah on June 28, 1865, in East Cape Bay in the Bering Strait. (ORN, 3:791-92, 829.)

Isabella. Union. Whaling bark, 315 tons. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah on June 26, 1865, in the Bering Sea at latitude 64° 21' north, longitude 172° 20' west. (ORN, 3:791-92, 828; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 289.)

Jireh Swift. Union. Whaling bark, 428 tons. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned in the Bering Sea by the CSS Shenandoah on June 22, 1865. (ORN, 3:790, 792, 826; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 287.)

Martha. Union. Whaling ship. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah on June 28, 1865, in East Cape Bay in the Bering Sea. (ORN, 3:791-92 829; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 290-91.)

Nassau. Union. Whaling ship. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Built in 1825. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenan-

doah on June 28, 1865, in East Cape Bay in the Bering Sea. (ORN, 3:791-92, 829; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 290-91.)

Nimrod. Union. Whaling ship, 340 tons. Cargo of whale oil. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah near St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea on June 26, 1865. The vessel's captain, James Clark, had been in command of the Ocean Rover, which had been destroyed by the CSS Alabama near the Azores. (ORN, 3:790, 792, 828.)

Sophia Thornton. Union. Whaling bark, 426 tons. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah in the Bering Sea on June 22, 1865, at latitude 62° 40' north, longitude 178° 50' west. (ORN, 3:790, 792, 826-27.)

Susan Abigail (Susan and Abigail). Union. Brigantine, 159 tons. Out of San Francisco. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah on June 23, 1865, in the Bering

Sea at latitude 62° 48' north, longitude 179° 4' west. (ORN,

Waverly. Union. Whaling bark, 327 tons. Crew of thirty-three. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured amid a dead calm and burned by the CSS Shenandoah in the Bering Strait on June 28, 1865, near the Diomede Islands. (ORN, 3:791-92, 829.)

William C. Nye. Union. Whaling ship, 389 tons. Cargo of 240 barrels of whale oil. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured and burned by the CSS Shenandoah on June 26, 1865, in the Bering Sea. (ORN, 3:790-92, 828; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 288.)

William Thompson. Union. Whaling ship, 495 tons. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured on June 22, 1865, and burned by the CSS Shenandoah the next day, northeast of Cape Narrows in the Bering Sea. (ORN, 3:790, 792, 825.)

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