Brazil

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The Atlantic Ocean off Brazil and the Brazilian island of Fernando de Noronha was hunting ground for the Confederate commerce raiders CSS Alabama and CSS Florida. Union commerce was interrupted, with three Yankee whalers and a number of Union trading ships destroyed.

Charles Hill. Union. Ship, 699 tons. Length 150 feet, beam 31 feet 1 inch, depth 23 feet. Cargo of 699 tons of salt. Built in 1850 at Newburyport, Mass. Out of Boston. En route from Liverpool, England, to Montevideo, Uruguay. Was captured and burned on March 25, 1863, by the CSS Alabama off the Brazilian coast at latitude 1° 23' north, longitude 26° 30' west. (ORN, 2:203, 206, 685; 3:679; Semmes, Service Afloat, 589-90; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 99.)

Dorcas Prince. Union. Ship, 699 tons. Cargo of coal. Built in 1850 at Yarmouth, Mass. Crew of 20. En route from New York City to Shanghai, China. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on April 26, 1863, at latitude 7° 37' south, longitude 31° 30' west. (ORN, 2:685, 741-42; Semmes, Service Afloat, 612; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 108; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 195.)

Express. Union. Ship, 1,072 tons. Cargo of guano from the Chincha Islands. Out of Boston. En route from Callao, Peru, to Antwerp, Belgium. Was captured and burned on July 6, 1863, by the CSS Alabama at latitude 28° 28' south, longitude 30° 7' west. (ORN, 3:670, 680; Semmes, Service Afloat, 633-35; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 126-27; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 202.)

Jabez Snow. Union. Ship, 1,074 tons. Cargo of coal Built in 1853 at Newburyport, Mass. Out of Backport, Maine. En route from Cardiff, Wales, for Montevideo, Uruguay, and Calcutta, India. Was captured on May 29, 1863, by the CSS Alabama and burned the next day at latitude 13° 25' 11" south, longitude 35° 38' west. (ORN, 2:371, 382, 680, 690, 746-47; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 117-18.)

Kate Cory. Union. Whaling brig, 132 tons. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured by the CSS Alabama on April 15,

1863, at Fernando de Noronha. Taken 4 miles from land on April 17, 1863, and burned. (ORN, 2:201, 203-4, 643, 685, 740; Semmes, Service Afloat, 604; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 106, 210.)

Lafayette. Union. Whaling bark. Out of Westport, Conn. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on April 15, 1863, at Fernando de Noronha near latitude 4° 10' south, longitude 32° 10' west (or 32° 26' west). (ORN, 2:201, 204, 740; Semmes, Service Afloat, 604; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 106, 210.)

CSS Lapwing (Lapwig). Union. Bark. Armed with a 12-pounder howitzer. Cargo of coal, tobacco, and provisions. En route from Boston to Batavia (present-day Jakarta), Java, and Singapore. Was captured on March 28, 1863, by the CSS Florida and used as a tender. Was burned by Confederates on June 20, 1863, off Rocas Island, about 80 miles west of Fernando de Noronha. (ORN, 2:407, 648, 671, 677; CWC, 6-260.)

Leighton. Union. Bark. Was capsized in Rio de Janeiro Harbor by a tornado on October 10, 1864. The captain's son drowned. (New York Times, Dec. 2, 1864.)

Louisa Hatch. Union. Ship, 853 tons. Cargo of 1,100 tons of Welsh coal for the P & O Steam Navigation Company. Out of Rockland, Maine. En route from Cardiff, Wales, to Point de Galle, Ceylon. Was captured by the CSS Alabama on April 4, 1863, and taken to Fernando de Noronha on April 10, where it was anchored within one mile of land. The vessel's coal was removed to the USS Alabama when the Confederate tender with coal failed to show up as planned. The Louisa Hatch was moved 4 miles from land on April 17, 1863, and was burned. (ORN, 2:203-4, 740; Semmes, Service Afloat, 594-95, 598, 602, 604; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 193-94.)

Nora. Union. Ship. Cargo of salt. Out of Boston. En route from Liverpool, England, to Calcutta, India. Was captured on March 25, 1863, and burned by the CSS Alabama off Brazil on March 26, 1863, near latitude 1° 12' 49" south, longitude 26° 32' 45" west. (ORN, 2:201, 203, 206-8, 685, 735; Semmes, Service Afloat, 589-90.)

Nye. Union. Whaling bark, 211 tons. Crew of 24. Cargo of 425 barrels of sperm whale oil and 75 barrels of whale oil. Out of New Bedford, Mass. Was captured on April 24, 1863, by the CSS Alabama and destroyed off Brazil, at latitude 5° 45' 15" south, longitude 31° 53' west. (ORN, 2:685, 741; Semmes, Service Afloat, 611-12; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 194-95.)

Sea Lark. Union. 973 tons bark. Out of New York City. En route from New York City to San Francisco. Was captured and destroyed by the CSS Alabama off Brazil on May 3, 1863, at latitude 9°, 39' south, longitude 32° 44' west. (ORN, 2:690, 745-46; Semmes, Service Afloat, 620-21; Summer-sell, Boarding Officer, 115-16.)

S. Gildersleeve (Gildersleeve). Union. Ship, 848 tons. Cargo of English coal for the P&O Steam Navigation Company. Out of New York City. En route from London to Calcutta. Was captured off Bahia by the CSS Alabama on May 25, 1863, and burned on March 26, 1863, near latitude 12° 4' south, longitude 35° 10' 45" west. (ORN, 2:690, 745-46; Semmes, Service Afloat, 620-21; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 115-16.)

Talisman. Union. Medium clipper, 1,100 or 1,237 tons. Cargo of coal, four brass 12-pounders, powder, shot, two steam boilers for a steam gunboat, beef, port, and bread. The Taiping Rebellion was raging in China, so the equipment was for a gunboat. En route from New York City to Shanghai, China. Was captured by the CSS Alabama on June 5, 1863, at latitude 14° 35' 42" south, longitude 36° 26' 45" west. The CSS Alabama transferred several cannons before destroying the vessel. (ORN, 2:690, 748-49, 751; Semmes, Service Afloat, 624-25; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 199.)

Tycoon. Union. Bark, 717 tons. Cargo of general merchandise and clothing. En route from New York City to San Francisco. Was captured by the CSS Alabama on April 26, 1864, and burned east of Bahia, Brazil, on April 27, 1864. (ORN, 3:53, 672; Shomette, Civil War Shipwrecks, 729.)

Union Jack. Union. Bark, 483 tons. En route from Boston to Shanghai, China. Carried six passengers, including Reverend Franklin Wright, an editor and U.S. counsel to Foochow (Fuzhou). Was captured and burned off Brazil by the CSS Alabama on May 3, 1863, at latitude 9° 40' south, longitude 32° 30' west. (ORN, 2:685, 742-43; Semmes, Service Afloat, 612-14; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 109.)

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