Canada

I MM Ml MM MM MM MM Ml MM MM MM MM Ml MM MM MM MM Ml MM MM MM MM Ml MM MM MM MM Ml MM MM MM MM MM

British Canada remained neutral during the American Civil War, but blockade-runners used Halifax, Nova Scotia, as a port from which to run the Union blockade. The Confederate commerce raider CSS Alabama captured and destroyed six Union vessels off the coast of Canada, and the CSS Tallahassee destroyed one Union ship off the Canadian coast.

Anglo Saxon. British. Screw steamer, 1,715 gross tons. Length 283 Feet, beam 35.2 feet, speed 10 knots. Carried 444 passengers and crew and Canadian and U.S. mail. Built in 1856 at Dumbarton. En route from Liverpool, England, for Quebec. Was lost on April 27, 1863, near Cape Race, Newfoundland. Two hundred and fifty-six bodies were recovered from the wreck. (New York Times, May 3, 1865; Harper's Weekly, May 9, 1863; www.fortunecity.com/ littleitaly/amalfi/13/shipa.htm.)

Anson Northup (Pioneer). U.S. Steamer, 100 tons. Built in Lafayette, Minn. Operated on the Red River of the North. Was lost in 1861 at Lower Fort Garry, Manitoba. (MSV, 11; WPD, 25.)

Brilliant. Union. Ship, 833 tons. Cargo of flour and grain. Built in 1860. From New York City. En route to London. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on October 3, 1862, near latitude 40° north, longitude 50° 30' west, on the Newfoundland Banks. The Emily Farnum was accompanying the Brilliant but was bonded due to a British cargo. (ORN, 1:510, 517-19, 780, 792-93; Semmes, Service Afloat, 458; Summersell, Boarding Officer, 29-30.)

Dunkirk. Union. Brig, 293 tons. Cargo of flour and Portuguese bibles. En route from New York City to Lisbon, Portugal. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on October 7, 1862. A deserter from the CSS Sumter was among the crew. (ORN, 1:527, 780, 793-94; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 174-75.)

Greyhound. U.S. Screw steamer, 290 net tons, 583 tons. Length 201 feet 5 inches, beam 22 feet 8 inches, depth 13

feet. Built in 1863 at Greenock, Scotland. Former Confederate vessel. Stranded on November 14, 1865, at Beaver Harbour, Nova Scotia. (MSV, 89, 265.)

Lafayette. Union. Bark, 945 tons. Cargo of corn, wheat, pipe staves, and lard. En route from New York City to Belfast, Ireland. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on October 23, 1862, at latitude 39° 34' 50" north, longitude 63° 26' west, south of Halifax. (ORN, 1:527, 780, 798; ser. 2, 2:353-64, 373; Semmes, Service Afloat, 482-88.)

Lamplighter. Union. Bark, 365 tons. Cargo of tobacco. Out of Boston. En route from New York City to Gibraltar. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on October 15, 1862, off the coast of Nova Scotia at latitude 41° 32' 47" north, longitude 59° 17' 45" west. (ORN, 1:527, 780, 795-96; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 175.)

Lauraetta. Union. Bark, 284 tons. Cargo of 1,424 barrels of flour, pipe staves, 225 kegs of nails, and 290 boxes of herring. En route from New York City for the Mediterranean. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on October 28, 1862, south of Halifax at latitude 39° 18' 47" north, longitude 67° 35' west, at St. Georges Bank. (ORN, 1:527, 780, 801-2; Semmes, Service Afloat, 491; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 178.)

Manchester. Union. Ship, 1,062 tons. Cargo of grain. From New York City to Liverpool, England. Was captured and burned by the CSS Alabama on October 11, 1862, southeast of Nova Scotia at latitude 44° 8' 55" north, longitude 55° 26' west. (ORN, 1:527, 780, 794-95; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 175.)

Roan. Union. Brig, 127 tons. Was captured and burned by the CSS Tallahassee on August 20, 1864, south of Halifax. (OR, ser. 4, 3:1057; ORN, 3:704; Hearn, Gray Raiders, 138.)

Wave Crest. Union. Bark, 409 tons. Cargo of grain. Out of New York City. En route to Cardiff, Wales. Was captured, used for target practice, and then burned by the CSS Alabama on October 7, 1862, southeast of Nova Scotia. (ORN, 1:780, 793: Hearn, Gray Raiders, 174.)

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment