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Trade between the United States and China was extensive during the Civil War, with vessels sailing from New York City and San Francisco. A number of American vessels carried on trade in China's inland waters. The George Sand and Phantom were reportedly wrecked with large shipments of California bullion and specie.

Chekiang. Union. Side-wheel steamer, 1,264 tons. Built in 1862 at New York City. Burned on August 7, 1864, at Hankow.

Cortes. Union. Side-wheel steamer, 1,117 tons. Built in 1852 at New York City. Burned on June 17, 1862, at Shanghai. (MSV, 46, 253.)

Firecracker. Union. Steamer, 1,040 tons. Built in 1862 at New York City. Foundered on February 2, 1864, 50 miles above Kiukiang. (MSV, 74, 261.)

Fohkien. U.S. Side-wheel steamer, 1,947 tons. Built in 1862 at Greenpoint, N.Y. Was stranded on July 13, 1865, 60 miles from Chinhae. (MSV, 74, 261.)

General Ward. Union. Screw steamer, 70 tons. Built in 1863 at East Boston, Mass. Exploded on October 21, 1864, at Shanghai, with all but one aboard killed. (MSV, 82, 263.)

George Sand. German. Bark. Carried $13 million in California gold and silver bars and specie. Foundered on January 30, 1863, in 60 fathoms on the Praetus Shoals, about 180 miles southwest of Hong Kong. (Potter, Treasure Diver's Guide, 407; Rieseberg, Guide to Buried Treasure, 125.)

Hankow. U.S. Side-wheel steamer, 725 tons. Built in 1861 in New York City. Burned on July 21, 1865, at Canton (Kuang-chou). (MSV, 91, 266.)

John T. Wright. Union. Side-wheel steamer, 369 tons. Built in 1860 at Port Ludlow, Wash. Wrecked in July 1864 at Lanshan Crossing in the Yangtze River. (MSV, 116, 273.)

Phantom. Union. Clipper ship. Cargo of $10 million in gold and silver ingots from California. Foundered on September 24, 1862, on the Tankan Shan Reefs. (Potter, Treasure Diver's Guide, 407; Rieseberg, Guide to Buried Treasure, 25.)

Santa Cruz (USRC General Sherman). Union. Screw steamer, 96 tons. Built in 1856 at New York City. Was lost on February 24, 1862, below Sterling Island in the Yangtze River. (MSV, 194, 296.)

Surprise. Union. Side-wheel steamer, 456 tons. Built in 1853 at New York City. Burned after colliding with the Hu Quang on May 4, 1863, on the Yangtze River. (MSV, 206, 299.)

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