South Mountain

'I feel as reasonably confident of success', wrote McClellan to his wife on the morning of 14 September, 'as any one well can who trusts in a higher power.' McClellan intended to take advantage of the knowledge he had gained of the division of Lee's army through the capture of Special Order 191. He ordered Major General William Franklin's VI Corps to take Crampton's Gap, with the additional mission of offering relief to the Federal garrison at Harper's Ferry. The main Federal effort would be...

The Osprey Campaign Series

Presents concise, authoritative accounts of the great conflicts of history. Each volume begins with an assessment of each commander's campaign strategy, then recounts the progress of the fighting, blow-by-blow. More than 90 illustrations, including maps, charts and colour plates accompany the text, and a series of three-dimensional battle maps mark the critical stages of the campaign. Each volume concludes with a brief guide to the battlefield today, and detailed notes for wargamers. THE...

Info

Garland had received a law degree from the University of Virginia and practised law in his home town of Lynchburg, Virginia. Garland was from a prominent family, and was much respected in his community. He had raised a volunteer company as early as 1859, following the arrest of John Brown. Garland was observed on the morning of 14 September walking behind his men, inspecting his positions in Fox's Gap, and deep in a discussion of classical literature with the officers...

Chronology

29 September The Battle of Second Manassas (also known as 2nd Bull Run), fought near Centreville, Virginia. The engagement concludes 30 September. The Federal Army of Virginia commanded by Major General John Pope is defeated by the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia commanded by General Robert E. Lee. 1 September The Battle of Chantilly (also known as Ox Hill) fought by Federal forces under Major General Isaac Ingalls Stevens in an effort to cover the retirement of Major General Pope's army...

The Campaign

Wallpaper Civil War Battlefields

There was an unpleasant air of defeat hanging over the long, dusty blue columns of the Federal Army of Virginia as it sullenly retired on the Federal capital of Washington. At the two-day engagement of Second Manassas, fought near Centreville, Virginia, in the last days of August 1862, the Federal forces had been roughly handled. A determined rearguard action fought on 1 September by elements of the Federal IX Corps at Chantilly, or Ox Hill, led by Major General Isaac Ingalls Stevens prevented...

Colonel Henry Walter Kingsbury

First Lieutenant, 69th New York State Militia Regiment, with the colour that was carried until late in 1862. This regiment was part of the 'Irish Brigade' that attacked the sunken road position at Antietam. Painting by Ron Vols tad. First Lieutenant, 69th New York State Militia Regiment, with the colour that was carried until late in 1862. This regiment was part of the 'Irish Brigade' that attacked the sunken road position at Antietam. Painting by Ron Vols tad. This war-time popular print has...

Wargaming The Antietam Campaign

Raised troops such as Mansfield's corps, half for veterans like Jackson's. The second topographical feature to cause difficulty was the Burnside bridge. Standing on that bridge today, it is very difficult to see why it took Burnside so long to get across. It really is not that much of an obstacle. I suspect that it is a mistake to focus too closely on the bridge - it was not the creek that stopped IX Corps it was its commander. Burnside was on bad terms with iMcClellan and had an attack of 'the...

Corps

William Buel Franklin, Major General USV Escort B & G 6th Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry Henry Warner Slocum, Major General USV i st Brigade (Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert, Brigadier General USV) 1st New Jersey Volunteers, 2nd New Jersey Volunteers, 3rd New Jersey Volunteers, 4th New Jersey Volunteers 2nd Brigade (Joseph Jackson Bartlett, Colonel 27th New York Volunteers) 5th Maine Volunteers, 16th New York Volunteers, 27th New York Volunteers, 96th Pennsylvania Volunteers 3rd Brigade...

15th Massachusetts Infantry Mine Creek

Green Rifle Frock

Lee sent the two-brigade division commanded by Brigadier General John Walker from the extreme Confederate right to report to Jackson. The dispatch of Walker's division from the Confederate right meant that only one brigade was being left to oppose the possible advance of Federal IX Corps across Antietam Creek. The conduct of the Federals so far in the engagement regarding the commitment of their reserves and in their apparent unwillingness to launch a coordinated attack led Lee to believe that...

Norman S Stevens

A The commander of the Federal Army of the Potomac, Major General George B. McClellan, had earlier earned the distrust of the President for his lacklustre performance in the Peninsular campaign now he had victory handed to him in the form of orders that spelled out how divided the Confederate Army would be in Maryland. Even so, his failure to spur his men on with more vigour ended up costing the Union a chance to destroy Lee's Army and hasten the end of the war. McClellan was a master of...